Bipolar Disorder and Electroconvulsive Therapy
Electroconvulsive Therapy was used historically to help treat the manic states the accompany some mood disorders (namely schizophrenia and manic depressive or biopolar disorder.) It can seem violent, but is very effective for some (but not all) patients who may not have responded to other treatments.
Effect of Electroconvulsive Therapy on Bipolar Disorder
Electroconvulsive therapy may be effective when medicines fail. It can be used for both mania and depression.
Side Effects and Warnings
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can cause mild short term memory loss to severe and persistent memory loss.
ECT has a low rate of mortality. However, if you have cardiovascular problems, ECT is not recommended.
Unlike before the 1980s, anesthesia is now used in conjunction with ECT to minimize the physical reactions normally induced by seizures. The muscles are completely relaxed to inhibit convulsions during the procedure.