Bipolar Disorder Causes
A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop bipolar disorder with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing bipolar disorder. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.
Risk factors for bipolar disorder include:
- Genetic factors— Bipolar disorder can run in families. There is a high likelihood that there is a genetic component to this disorder. Eighty to ninety percent of individuals with bipolar disorder have a relative with either depression or bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is not caused by one specific gene, but rather many genes that act together.
- Medicines and conditions—Some medicines (eg, corticosteroids, cancer medicines), several medical conditions (eg, thyroid disease, vitamin deficiencies, end-stage renal disease), and certain neurological diseases (eg, Parkinson's syndrome, dementia) may present with features of bipolar disorder. The diagnosis of bipolar disorder is made only when none of these conditions are present.
Bipolar disorder. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at:
. Updated 2008. Accessed on November 22, 2009.
Carson RC, Butcher JN.
Abnormal Psychology and Modern Life .11th ed. New York, NY: Allyn and Bacon; 2000.
Estevez RF, Suppes T. Maintenance treatment in bipolar I disorder. In: Yatham LN, Kusumakar V, eds.
Bipolar Disorder: A Clinician’s Guide to Biological Treatments. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.; 2009: 107-152.
Salvadore G, Drevets WC, Henter ID, Zarate CA, Manji HK. Early intervention in Bipolar Disorder, Part II: Therapeutics.
Early Interv Psychiatry. 2008;2(3):136-146.