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During a bone graft, a donated piece of bone is added to the site of a fracture or other bone defect. The new bone can spur bone growth, bridge a gap in a bone, provide support, and aid in healing. The new bone may come from another part of your body (autograft) or from another person (allograft). Rarely, synthetic grafts, which are not bone, are also used.
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The doctor may recommend a bone graft to:
- Treat a fracture that is not healing
- Reconstruct a shattered bone
- Fill gaps in bone caused by cysts or tumors
- Fuse bones on either side of a joint
- Stimulate bone growth to help anchor an artificial joint or other implant
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a bone graft, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Blood clots
- Nerve damage
- Rejection of a graft from another person
- Fat particles dislodge from the bone marrow and travel to the lung (this is rare)
- Anesthesia reaction
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
- Long-term medical conditions
- Advanced age
Call Your Doctor
After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any...