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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a series of steps to help a person who is not responding and has stopped breathing. CPR helps deliver oxygen rich blood to the body tissue when the body is not able to do this on its own. Infant CPR should be used in babies less than 12 months of age.
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CPR is given when an infant has stopped breathing. Reasons for this may include:
- Electrical and lightning shocks
- Severe infection
- Severe allergic reaction
The outcome will depend on the initial cause and how soon effective CPR was initiated. Many victims are unable to regain a normal heartbeat after it has stopped.
In frail infants, it is possible that ribs may fracture or break during chest compressions.
Greater risk is involved if CPR is delayed or not done correctly.