Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) and Acupuncture
Acupuncture is the insertion of hair fine needles into the body at specific acupuncture points to help simmulate the life-force that energetically runs throughout the body.
Effect of Acupuncture on Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)
Acupuncture is part of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) system that works to restore the underlying imbalance in one's body that may be causing the symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome. Along with traditional Chinese herbal treatment(s), dietary changes, reduction of stress, sleeping and perhaps other considerations, a TCM practitioner will work to help support the body's natural defense systems
Research Evidence on Acupuncture
One study performed in Hong Kong provides some evidence that acupuncture might be helpful for chronic fatigue syndrome.34
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine is part of a comprehensive and unique approach to healing developed over many centuries in Asia. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 29 people suggests that the use of an herbal formula originating in this system may be helpful for CFS.27
Side Effects and Warnings
Serious adverse effects associated with the use of acupuncture are rare. , The most commonly reported problems include short-term pain from needle insertion, tiredness, and minor bleeding. There is one report of infection caused by acupuncture given to a person with diabetes. ^ Some acupuncture points lie over the lungs and insertion to excessive depth could conceivably cause a pneumothorax (punctured lung). Because acupuncturists are trained to avoid this complication, it is a rare occurrence.
A recent report from China contained an example of another complication caused by excessively deep needling. ^4] A 44-year-old man was needled on the back of the neck at a commonly used acupuncture point just below the bony protuberance at the base of the skull. However, the acupuncturist inserted the needle too deeply and punctured a blood vessel in the skull. The client developed a severe headache with nausea and vomiting; a [CAT scan showed bleeding in the brain, and a spinal tap found a small amount of blood in the cerebrospinal fluid. The severe headache, along with neck stiffness, continued for 28 days. The man was treated with standard pain medication, and the condition resolved itself without any permanent effects.
Infection due to the use of unclean needles has been reported in the past, but the modern practice of using disposable sterile needles appears to have eliminated this risk.
- Kuratsune, H. Effect of Kampo Medicine, “Hochu-ekki-to,” on chronic fatigue syndrome. Clinic and Research. 1997;74:1837-1845.
- Yiu YM, Ng SM, Tsui YL, et al. A clinical trial of acupuncture for treating chronic fatigue syndrome in Hong Kong.] Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao. 2007;5:630-633.