Colectomy—Laparoscopic Surgery
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings
Answers

What is Colectomy—Laparoscopic Surgery?

This is a procedure to remove all or part of the colon. The colon, or large intestine, is the lower part of the intestines. In a partial colectomy, only part of the colon is removed. In a total colectomy, all of the colon is removed.

Colon
Colon
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A colectomy may be done to treat a variety of conditions, including:

  • Colon cancer
  • Inflammatory intestinal diseases (eg, colitis , Crohn’s disease )
  • Intestinal blockage
  • Trauma to the intestine
  • Diverticular disease —small pouches form in the wall of the colon
  • Precancerous polyps (eg, familial polyposis)
  • A hole in the bowel wall or dead piece of bowel
  • Bleeding from the colon

Possible Complications

If you are planning to have a colectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

  • Damage to other organs or structures
  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Hernia forming at the incision site
  • Blood clots
  • Complications from general anesthesia

Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

  • Neurological, heart, or lung conditions
  • Age: older than 70 years
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Previous abdominal surgery
  • Infection

Call Your Doctor

After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:

  • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
  • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision site *...
 
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