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This is an operation to remove all or part of the colon. The colon, or large intestine, is the lower part of the intestines.
In a partial colectomy, only part of your colon is removed. In a total colectomy, all of your colon is removed.
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A colectomy may be performed to treat a variety of conditions, including the following:
- Colorectal cancer
- Inflammatory intestinal diseases (eg, colitis , Crohn’s disease )
- Intestinal blockage
- Trauma to the intestine
- Diverticular disease —small pouches form in the wall of the colon
- Precancerous polyps, especially those seen in familial polyposis
- A hole in the bowel wall, or dead piece of bowel
- Bleeding from the colon
If you are planning to have a colectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Damage to other organs or structures
- Hernia forming at the incision site
- Blood clots
- Complications from general anesthesia
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
- Having neurological, heart, or lung conditions
- Age: older than 70 years
- Previous abdominal surgery
- Active infection
Call Your Doctor
After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge...