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Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Treatment: Medicine

Overview

The treatment and management of congestive heart failure (CHF) includes lifestyle changes, medications, medical devices, and surgery. The goal of these treatments is to improve heart function, control excess water and salt retention, and reduce further risk of heart damage.

Medications for CHF include:

Medical devices and associated procedures for CHF include:

Surgical procedures for CHF include:

Treatments

Effect of Diuretics on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

In congestive heart failure (CHF), the heart muscle cannot pump adequate amounts of blood to meet the body’s needs. Diuretics help lighten the load by promoting the excretion of water and sodium from...

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Effect of Aldosterone Receptor Blockers on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

Eplerenone (Inspra) helps treat congestive heart failure by controlling high blood pressure. The drug controls high blood pressure by blocking chemicals that stimulate the body.

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Effect of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

ACE inhibitors prevent the body from creating angiotensin II, a substance in the blood that causes vessels to tighten and raises blood pressure. As a result, ACE inhibitors relax blood vessels, lower...

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Effect of Vasodilators on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

People with congestive heart failoure often have blood vessels that are constricted, which causes the heart to work harder pumping blood through the vessels. Vasodilators help address this problem by...

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Effect of Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs) on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

Like ACE inhibitors, ARBs relax blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and ease the heart’s workload.

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Effect of Beta Blockers on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

Beta-blockers help treat congestive heart failure by slowing the heart rate and reducing blood pressure.

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Effect of Digoxin on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

Digoxin helps treat congestive heart failure by increasing the strength of the heart contractions, slowing the heartbeat, and controlling abnormal heart rhythms, such as atrial fibrillation.

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Effect of Biventricular Cardiac Pacemaker on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

The pacemaker is implanted in the chest and connected to the heart. This type of pacemaker sends carefully timed electrical impulses to the heart’s lower chambers. Controlling the rhythm of the heart...

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Effect of Left-Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

A left-ventricular assist device (LVAD) helps treat congestive heart failure by temporarily assisting the heart's pumping.

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Effect of Automatic Cardioverter Defibrillator Implantation on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

Patients with congestive heart failure are more prone to certain heart arrhythmias that put them at risk for sudden cardiac death. ICDs are implanted in those patients to prevent such arrhythmias...

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Effect of Surgery on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

Surgeries can help treat congestive heart failure in a few different ways: Coronary Artery Bypass: If coronary artery disease (CAD) is the cause of congestive heart failure, a coronary artery...

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