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Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Symptoms

Overview

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition that is usually the result of other underlying conditions. It is important to diagnose the underlying cause, so that the proper treatment can be given.

![Swollen Feet][2]

There are not always noticeable symptoms for CHF as it develops. When symptoms do occur, they may include:

  • Shortness of breath, especially with activity, or when lying down
  • Swelling of feet and ankles
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Persistent cough or wheezing cough that may be accompanied by white or blood-tinged phlegm
  • Rapid weight gain
  • Irregular or rapid heartbeat
  • Change in urine production (increase or decrease, need to urinate at night)
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Decreased alertness

[2]: image/332 "Swollen Feet" center

References

References:

American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1200000 .

Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 14th ed. McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Heart Failure Online website. Available at: http://www.heartfailure.org .

Mayo Clinic Heart Center website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/heart-disease/HB00057 .

Vasan RS, Benjamin EJ, Levy D. Prevalence, clinical features and prognosis of diastolic heart failure; an epidemiologic perspective. J Am Coll Cardiol.1995;26:1565.

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