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Lipid Disorders Contributions by ColleenO

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American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lungusa.org/. Accessed July 15, 2008.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/. Accessed July 15, 2008.

National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/. Accessed July 15, 2008.

3/25/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Parkes G, Greenhalgh T, Griffin M, Dent R. Effect on smoking quit rate of telling patients their lung age: the Step2quit randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2008;336:598-600.

7/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Myung SK, McDonnell DD, Kazinets G, Seo HG, Moskowitz JM. Effects of Web- and computer-based smoking cessation programs: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:929-937.

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American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lungusa.org/. Accessed July 15, 2008.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/. Accessed July 15, 2008.

National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/. Accessed July 15, 2008.

3/25/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Parkes G, Greenhalgh T, Griffin M, Dent R. Effect on smoking quit rate of telling patients their lung age: the Step2quit randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2008;336:598-600.

7/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Myung SK, McDonnell DD, Kazinets G, Seo HG, Moskowitz JM. Effects of Web- and computer-based smoking cessation programs: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:929-937.

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A number of different health professionals may have different methods and products that can support you in quitting smoking.

  • MD
  • Naturopathic doctor
  • Acupuncturist
  • Herbalist
  • Nutritionist
  • Health coach
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A number of different health professionals may have different methods and products that can support you in quitting smoking.

  • MD
  • Naturopathic doctor
  • Acupuncturist
  • Herbalist
  • Nutritionist
  • Health coach
... (more)

There many ways to quit smoking, and you may have already tried some of them. See the Smoking Cessation article for more information and practical tips.

You don't have to quit alone. In fact, quitting with a friend or loved one can increase both of your chances for success.

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Smoking lowers the amount of HDL, the healthy type of cholesterol, in the blood. Quitting smoking can help raise your rates of "good" cholesterol.

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Quitting smoking is a good idea for anyone, especially people who have or are at risk for health challenges. When it comes to cholesterol, smoking lowers the amount of HDL, the healthy type of cholesterol, in the blood.

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Smoking lowers the amount of HDL, the healthy type of cholesterol, in the blood. Quitting smoking can help raise your rates of "good" cholesterol.

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American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine website. Available at: http://www.sportsmed.org/tabs/Index.aspx . Accessed September 4, 2008.

Exercise: how to get started. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/20061215/2095ph.html . Published December 2006. Accessed September 4, 2008.

Health and fitness tips. American Council on Exercise website. Available at: http://www.acefitness.org/healthandfitnesstips/default.aspx . Accessed September 4, 2008.

Mayo Clinic. Stretching: focus on flexibility. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/stretching/hq01447. Updated February 21, 2010. Accessed May 18, 2010.

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In addition to consulting with your doctor, consider making an appointment with a certified athletic trainer to help you develop a safe, effective, and enjoyable exercise program. You can find a trainer at a local gym or through a referral from your doctor or a friend. Make sure this person understands your goals and health condition and can help you maintain an exercise program that you will enjoy and stick with.

If you are looking for other forms of movement, consider consulting someone like a yoga therapist, qi gong or tai chi instructor.

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To offer you the full range of benefits, your exercise program should include the major categories of exercise--aerobic (cardiovascular exercise), strength training (resistance exercises), and flexibility (stretching exercise). Within all of these major categories of exercise, there are a number of different options. See the Exercise article for more information and tips on starting a regular exercise program.

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Exercise improves lipid profile, helping to bring both cholesterol and triglycerides into healthy ranges.

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Moderate exercise is recommended for most people with lipid disorders. Losing even a modest amount of weight and increasing exercise alone can help bring your cholesterol and triglyceride levels back into a healthy range. In fact, exercise may lower triglycerides even if you don't lose weight.

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Exercise improves lipid profile, helping to bring both cholesterol and triglycerides into healthy ranges.

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Cholesterol. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1516 . Accessed December 29, 2009.

Cholesterol: the best foods to lower your cholesterol and protect your heart. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cholesterol/CL00002 . Accessed December 29, 2009.

Hypercholesterolemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Accessed March 25, 2007.

Lowering your cholesterol with TLC. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/chol/chol_tlc.pdf . Accessed December 29, 2009.

Nutrition care manual. American Dietetic Association website. Available at: http://nutritioncaremanual.org/auth.cfm?p=%2Findex.cfm%3F. Accessed January 3, 2009.

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Lifestyle modification is an important part of treating high cholesterol. In fact, losing weight and increasing exercise alone can help bring your cholesterol numbers back into a healthy range. When it comes to high triglycerides, modifying your diet is beneficial if it helps you lose weight.

Diet is one of several factors that affect cholesterol levels. Other factors include heredity, age, sex, physical inactivity, and being overweight. The main dietary components that impact cholesterol levels are fat, cholesterol, and fiber. Consider the following guidelines for modifying your diet:

  • Eat a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet.
    • A vegetarian diet or vegan diet may be helpful in lowering your LDL ("bad") cholesterol.
    • Check out the Cholesterol-Lowering Diet article for more details on dietary guidelines for improving cholesterol profile.
    • Note: A low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet might actually increase triglycerides. You If you have high triglycerides, you might do better on a low-carbohydrate diet. Talk to your doctor about the right kind of diet for you.
  • Eat more high-fiber foods. See the article on Fiber for more information and practical tips.
  • Avoid processed and refined sugars and starches (white bread, white potatoes, white rice and simple sugars, etc.)
  • Drink alcohol in moderation. This means two drinks per day for men, and one drink per day for women.

The following foods and supplements are often recommended for reducing cholesterol and/or lowering high triglycerides, and they have been studied for this purpose:

The following foods and supplements are also sometimes recommended for lipid disorders:

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Modifying your diet can be worthwhile but challenging, especially if you need to make big changes. In addition to consulting with your physician, consider working with a nutritionist, dietitian or health coach to help customize meal plans, find suitable and exciting recipes, and build new, healthy habits.

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For more information and practical tips and how-to's, see the Cholesterol-Lowering Diet article.

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The primary goal of this diet is to lower your levels of LDL, or “bad” cholesterol. This diet may also raise your levels of HDL, or “good” cholesterol. Having too much bad cholesterol—and/or not enough of the good kind—can cause plaque to build up in your arteries. Over time, this build-up narrows your arteries, increasing your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.

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Diet is one of several factors that affect cholesterol levels. (Other factors include heredity, age, sex, physical inactivity, and being overweight.) The main dietary components that impact cholesterol levels are fat, cholesterol, and fiber. This diet works by focusing on these components, helping to reduce levels of LDL ("bad" cholesterol) and increase levels of HDL ("good" cholesterol).

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