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Cystoscopy is an exam of the bladder. It is done with a special lighted scope, called a cystoscope. The scope allows the doctor to look through the urethra and into the bladder.
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Cystoscopy may be done to investigate the following symptoms:
- Repeated urinary tract infections
- Blood in the urine
- Urinary incontinence
- Frequent urination
- Dribbling after urination
- Difficulty urinating
Some abnormalities can be diagnosed through cystoscopy, including:
- Bladder stones
- Outpouchings of the bladder wall ( diverticula )
- Open sores ( ulcers )
- Narrowing of the urethra
- Enlargement of the prostate gland (in men)
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have cystoscopy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Accidental damage of the bladder wall with the cystoscope (very rare)
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
- Active infection
- Bleeding disorder
Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the procedure.
Call Your Doctor
After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Frequency, urgency, burning, or pain when urinating
- You are unable to urinate or empty your bladder completely
- Blood in your urine after 24 hours
- Signs of infection, including...