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Geriatric Depression Scale

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The Geriatric Depression Scale is a self-reported assessment of depression specifically designed for elders. The original GDS has 30 question assessment but shorter 15, 10 and even 5 question versions are available.1 One point is assigned to each answer that indicates the presence of depression. Ten or more points on the 30 question assessment could, along with a comprehensive exam given by a practitioner, lead to a diagnosis of major depression in an older individual. (There is some debate around how reliable this test is for those suffering with dementia.)

  1. Izal, M., Optimising the diagnostic performance of the Geriatric Depression Scale. Psychiatry Research. Vol 178(1), June 30 2010, p. 142-146.