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A hemorrhoidectomy is an operation to remove hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen (dilated) veins located in or around the anus and rectum. Hemorrhoids can cause discomfort, pain, or bleeding.
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Hemorrhoidectomy is used to treat painful, swollen hemorrhoids. The procedure is most often done for the following reasons:
- Hemorrhoid symptoms do not get better with other therapies
- Severely bleeding hemorrhoids
- Severely painful hemorrhoids
- Hemorrhoid containing a blood clot (thrombosed hemorrhoid)
- Hemorrhoids that protrude through the anus (prolapsed hemorrhoids)
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a hemorrhoidectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Recurrence of hemorrhoids
- Narrowing of the anal canal
- Loss of bowel or bladder control
- Adverse reaction to local anesthetic
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
- Bleeding disorder
- Advanced age
- Prior anal surgery
Call Your Doctor
After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Passing large amounts of blood
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given *...