Hemorrhoidectomy
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings
Answers

What is Hemorrhoidectomy?

A hemorrhoidectomy is an operation to remove hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen (dilated) veins located in or around the anus and rectum. Hemorrhoids can cause discomfort, pain, or bleeding.

Hemorrhoid
Hemorrhoid
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Hemorrhoidectomy is used to treat painful, swollen hemorrhoids. The procedure is most often done for the following reasons:

  • Hemorrhoid symptoms do not get better with other therapies
  • Severely bleeding hemorrhoids
  • Severely painful hemorrhoids
  • Hemorrhoid containing a blood clot (thrombosed hemorrhoid)
  • Hemorrhoids that protrude through the anus (prolapsed hemorrhoids)

Possible Complications

Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a hemorrhoidectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Constipation
  • Recurrence of hemorrhoids
  • Narrowing of the anal canal
  • Loss of bowel or bladder control
  • Adverse reaction to local anesthetic

Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

  • Bleeding disorder
  • Advanced age
  • Prior anal surgery

Call Your Doctor

After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:

  • Passing large amounts of blood
  • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
  • Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given *...
 
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