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If you are planning to have a hip replacement, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Hip dislocation (most common complication)—occurs when the ball portion of the prosthesis dislocates from its normal position in the hip
- Blood clots
- Swelling or bleeding
- Injury to nearby nerves or blood vessels
- Anesthesia-related problems, like pneumonia
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
- Pre-existing medical condition (eg, heart or lung problems)
- Infection (eg, urinary tract infection , gum disease )—Having an infection increases the risk of bacteria entering the bloodstream and infecting the joint.
- Previous problems with blood clots
Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the surgery.
Call Your Doctor
After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge around incision site
- Pain and/or swelling in the feet, calves, or legs
- Cough, shortness of breath, chest pain
- Severe nausea or vomiting
- Hip pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given or that becomes worse
- Numbness, tingling, or loss of feeling in your leg, knee, or foot
- Pain, burning, urgency or frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine
In case of an emergency, CALL 911.