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This surgery is used to treat a condition called hypospadias . This is a birth defect of the penis and urethra. The urethra is the tube that connects the bladder to the outside of the body so that urine can exit. With hypospadias, the opening of the urethra develops on the underside of the penis. The goal of surgery is to put the opening of the urethra at the tip of the penis. After surgery, the penis should function normally.
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The surgery is done to treat male children born with hypospadias. The condition can make it difficult for the child to urinate while standing. It can also affect sexual function later in life.
The surgery is typically done at age 3-18 months old. It can also be done in older children and adults. Once the diagnosis is made, circumcision is not done. Tissue from the foreskin may be used during surgery.
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If your child is having a hypospadias repair, the doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- A new opening on the underside of penis forms, causing urine leakage
- Scarring/narrowing of the urethra (making it difficult to urinate)
- Need for more surgery
- Reaction to the anesthesia (eg, light-headedness, low blood pressure, wheezing)
- Infection (wound infection or urinary tract infection)
- Psychological trauma
Discuss these risks with the doctor before the surgery.