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In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process where sperm and an egg are joined together outside of the body to create an embryo. The embryo can then be inserted into a mother's womb.
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IVF is done to help a woman become pregnant when there is difficulty becoming pregnant naturally.
It is most often done when infertility is due to:
- Damaged fallopian tubes
- Ovulation disorders
- Cervical factors
- Male factors, such as low sperm count or poor-quality sperm
If you are planning to have IVF, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Still not being able to become pregnant—Older women (over age 40) are less likely to conceive and carry to term.
- Having multiple babies
- Ectopic pregnancy (embryo develops outside the uterus)
- Anesthesia-related problems
- Short- and long-term adverse effects from fertility drugs
- Ovarian rupture (rare)
Call Your Doctor
After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Foul-smelling vaginal discharge
- Vaginal bleeding
- Abdominal pain or cramping
- Cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, or severe nausea or vomiting
- Any unusual...