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A kidney biopsy is the removal of a small piece of kidney tissue or cells. A pathologist (a doctor who specializes in tissue diagnosis) uses a microscope to look at the tissue for abnormalities.
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A kidney biopsy is done to diagnose a disease or medical condition.
A kidney biopsy may be done if you have:
- Blood in the urine
- High levels of protein in the urine
- Low kidney function
- A growth on the kidney
- Kidney infection
- Cyst on the kidney
Once the tissue is examined, your doctor can make a diagnosis and provide treatment.
If you had a kidney transplant , it may also be done to see if your new kidney is working properly.
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you have a kidney biopsy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the biopsy.
Call Your Doctor
After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Bloody urine 24 hours after biopsy or a lot of blood in the urine
- Difficulty urinating
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Pain that is worse at biopsy site
- Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
- Always feeling the need to urinate
- Pain or burning when you urinate
- Redness or drainage at biopsy site