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This procedure is done to treat obesity . Keyhole incisions are made in the abdomen. An adjustable band is placed around the stomach with the aid of a laparoscope (a tiny tool with a camera on it). The surgery causes weight loss by decreasing the amount of food that can pass into your stomach.
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This surgery treats severe obesity. Doctors use a calculation called body mass index (BMI) to determine how overweight or obese you are. A normal BMI is 18.5-25.
This surgery is a weight loss option for people with:
- BMI greater than 40
- BMI 35-39.9 and a life-threatening condition (eg, heart disease, diabetes )
- BMI 35-39.9 and severe physical limitations that affect employment, mobility, and family life
The success of this surgery depends on your commitment and follow-up with your doctor. If lifestyle changes are made and maintained, the benefits of bariatric surgery include:
- Weight reduction
- Improvement in many obesity-related conditions (eg, glucose intolerance, diabetes, sleep apnea , high blood pressure , high cholesterol , arthritis, poor exercise...
If you are planning to have this procedure, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Vitamin deficiencies—You will take a daily multivitamin for the rest of your life.
- Blood clots
- Slipping or wearing away of the band
- Erosion of the band into the stomach (may require open surgical repair)
- Injury to other organs
- Irritation of the throat due to acid reflux
- Complications of general anesthesia
- Death (occurs in less than 0.5% of patients)
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
- Recent or chronic illness (eg, kidney disease)
- Old age
- Heart or lung disease
- Bleeding or clotting disorders