Lipid Disorders
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Lipid Disorders Diagnosis

Written by FoundHealth.

Lipid disorders are diagnosed with blood tests that measure the level of cholesterol and triglyceride in the blood.

Blood Tests

Cholesterol levels are checked with a blood test. A small blood sample is taken from a vein in your arm. You may need to fast for several hours, usually overnight, before your blood is taken. The test measures levels of:

  • Total cholesterol
  • LDL (bad) cholesterol
  • HDL (good) cholesterol
  • Triglycerides

The readings are interpreted as follows:

Total Cholesterol

Level

Interpretation

<200 mg/dL (5.2 mmol/L)

Desirable

200-239 mg/dL (5.2-6.1 mmol/L)

Borderline high

240 mg/dL (6.2 mmol/L) and above

High

LDL Cholesterol

Level

Interpretation

less than 100 mg/dL (2.6 mmol/L)

Optimal

100-129 mg/dL (2.6-3.3 mmol/L)

Near optimal/above optimal

130-159 mg/dL (3.4-4.0 mmol/L)

Borderline high

160-189 mg/dL (4.1-4.8 mmol/L)

High

>190 mg/dL (4.9 mmol/L) and above

Very high

HDL Cholesterol

Level

Interpretation

60 mg/dL (1.6 mmol/L) and above

Protective against heart disease

less than 40 mg/dL (1.0 mmol/L)

A major heart disease risk factor

Triglycerides

Level

Interpretation

less than 150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L)

Normal

150-199 mg/dL (1.7-2.2 mmol/L)

Borderline high

200-499 mg/dL (2.3-5.6 mmol/L)

High

500 mg/dL (5.7 mmol/L) and above

Very high

mg/dL = milligrams per deciliter of blood (mmol/L= millimoles per liter of blood)

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References

References:

American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1200000 .

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/ .

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