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This is a surgery to replace a diseased or damaged liver with a liver from a donor who has died. In some cases, a portion of the liver of a living, related donor may be used.
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A liver transplant is done to treat a liver that is not working and cannot be fixed. This may be caused by:
- Hepatitis A , B , or C
- Alcoholic liver disease
- Primary biliary cirrhosis
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis (disease of the bile ducts)
- Sudden liver failure
- Congenital defects (eg, biliary atresia)
- Liver tumors
- Metabolic defects (eg, Wilson's disease )
- Poisoning or drug-induced damage
After the transplant, most patients are able to return to normal activities in 6-12 months.
If you are planning to have liver transplant, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Rejection of transplanted liver
- Damage to nearby organs
- Bile-duct obstruction or bile leakage into the body
- Complications from immunosuppressive drugs
- Blood clots
Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
- Poor nutrition
- Recent or long-term illness
- Serious heart, lung, or kidney disease
- Use of certain medicines
- Current infection
Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the surgery.
Call Your Doctor
After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the...