Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings
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What is Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure?

Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) uses a thin wire loop to precisely cut out areas of the cervix. The cervix is a neck-like structure that connects the vagina and uterus. LEEP is done to remove abnormal cervical cells.

LEEP is often done after abnormal cells have been found on the cervix. These abnormal cells are often found on a Pap test . If the cells found on a Pap test show cervical dysplasia (abnormal cells) or cancer cells, a LEEP may be done.

Possible Complications

If you are planning to have LEEP, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

  • Bleeding
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Infection
  • Future pregnancy problems (small increased risk of premature births and having a low birth weight baby)
  • Narrowing of the cervix (very rare)
  • Incomplete removal of the abnormal tissue
  • Accidental cutting or burning of normal tissue

Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

  • Menstruation at the time of the procedure—It is best to have LEEP done when you do not have your period.
  • History of pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Inflammation of the cervix
  • Pregnancy or possible pregnancy
  • Being overweight
  • Smoking

Be sure to discuss these risks with your...

 
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