Morphine (Systemic)
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings
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Morphine (Systemic) Overview

Written by FoundHealth.

(MOR feen)

U.S. Brand Names

Astramorph/PF™; Avinza®; Duramorph®; Infumorph® 200; Infumorph® 500; Kadian®; MS Contin®; Oramorph® SR; Roxanol™ [DSC]

Canadian Brand Names

Doloral; Kadian®; M-Eslon®; M.O.S.-SR®; M.O.S.-Sulfate®; M.O.S.® 10; M.O.S.® 20; M.O.S.® 30; Morphine HP®; Morphine LP® Epidural; MS Contin®; MS-IR®; Novo-Morphine SR; PMS-Morphine Sulfate SR; ratio-Morphine; ratio-Morphine SR; Statex®

Pharmacologic Category

Analgesic, Opioid

What key warnings should I know about before taking this medicine?

• Patients receiving this medicine should be monitored for misuse, abuse, and addiction.

• Do not take Avinza® with alcohol or alcohol-containing products. Serious reactions can occur.

• You will be closely monitored by healthcare provider while receiving Duramorph®. Serious reactions can occur.

• Do not chew or crush long-acting capsules or tablets. Serious reactions can occur if you take chewed or crushed long-acting capsules or tablets. Do not use long-acting products for immediate pain relief or on an as needed basis.

• Keep oral solution in a safe place away from children. If child accidentally takes, get emergency help right away.

• Oral solution: Please read the medication guide.

Reasons not to take this medicine

• If you have an allergy to morphine sulfate or any other part of this medicine.

• Tell healthcare provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Make sure to tell about the allergy and how it affected you. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other symptoms involved.

• If you have any of the following conditions: Asthma, increased pressure in your brain, intestinal blockage, or lung disease.

How does it work?

• Morphine sulfate binds to brain receptors, relieving pain. It decreases the feeling of pain and a person's response to pain.

How is it best taken?

• Take this medicine with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.

• Drink plenty of noncaffeine-containing liquid unless told to drink less liquid by healthcare provider.

• Long-acting products: Swallow whole. Do not chew, break, or crush.

• Do not use long-acting products for immediate pain relief or on an as needed basis.

• You may sprinkle contents of Kadian® or Avinza® capsule on soft food or liquid. Do not chew.

• A liquid (solution) is available if you cannot swallow pills.

• Make sure you have the right liquid; there are different strengths.

• Measure liquid doses carefully. Use measuring device that comes with the medicine.

• Those who have feeding tubes can also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after medicine is given.

• Use suppository rectally.

Injection: • This medicine is given as a shot into a muscle, vein, or into the fatty part of the skin.

What do I do if I miss a dose? (does not apply to patients in the hospital)

• Take a missed dose as soon as possible.

• If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your regular schedule.

• Many times this medicine is taken on an as needed basis.

What should I monitor?

• Change in condition being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?

• Keep a diary of pain control.

• Bowel movements.

• Dry mouth may cause an increase in cavities. Take good care of your teeth. See a dentist regularly.

How should I store this medicine?

• Store at room temperature.

• Protect from light.

• Protect capsules and tablets from moisture. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.

• Store suppositories in a refrigerator. Do not freeze.

• Throw away any unused medicine by flushing down toilet or sink.

• The injection will be given to you in a healthcare setting. You will not store it at home.

General statements

• If you have a life-threatening allergy, wear allergy identification at all times.

• Do not share your medicine with others and do not take anyone else's medicine.

• Keep all medicine out of the reach of children and pets.

• Keep a list of all your medicines (prescription, natural products, supplements, vitamins, over-the-counter) with you. Give this list to healthcare provider (doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, physician assistant).

• Talk with healthcare provider before starting any new medicine, including over-the-counter, natural products, or vitamins.

Created: 2009-12-29 13:31:38.0

Modified: 2010-03-22 09:22:32.0

Lexi-PALS TM © (1977)-(2007) Lexi-Comp, Inc. All rights reserved.

 
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