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Oophorectomy is the removal of one or both ovaries. This may be combined with removing the fallopian tubes (salpingo-oophorectomy). Removal of the ovaries and/or fallopian tubes are often done as part of a complete or total hysterectomy .
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An oophorectomy may be done to:
- Treat cancer
- Remove a large ovarian cyst
- Treat chronic pelvic pain
- Treat pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have an oophorectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Changes in sex drive
- Hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause (if both ovaries are removed)
- Depression and other forms of psychological distress
- Reaction to anesthesia
- Blood clots, particularly in the veins of the legs
- Damage to other organs
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
- Previous pelvic surgery or serious infection
Be sure to discuss the risks with your doctor before the surgery.
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