Reducing Your Risk
There are no real methods for preventing the development of osteoarthritis. However, following certain preventive measures may slow its progression. Such measures include:
Maintain an Appropriate Weight
Keep your weight in an appropriate range for your age, height, and body type. Carrying excess body weight can put increased stress on your bones and joints. By maintaining a healthful weight, you can reduce the stress on your body.
Avoid Certain Activities
Although exercise is good for your body, you may want to avoid activities that might injure your joints or that require intense, repetitive joint motion, or repetitive stress on “at risk” joints.
Eat a Balanced Diet
Eat a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D . This will help build strong bones.
Begin an Exercise Program
Participating in a safe exercise program will strengthen your muscles, which will help support and stabilize your joints. And these muscles help to absorb some of the energy, or shock, delivered to the limb.
Arthritis Foundation website. Available at:
Cecil Textbook of Medicine. 21st ed. W.B. Saunders Company; 2000.
Conn’s Current Therapy. 54th ed. W.B. Saunders Company; 2002.
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at:
Manek NJ, Lane NE. Osteoarthritis: current concepts in diagnosis and management.
American Family Physician. 2000;51(6). Available at:
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