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Panic Disorder Treatment: Medicine

Overview

Panic disorder is generally more difficult to treat than other forms of anxiety, but anxiolytics (anti-anxiety medications) and antidepressants can help ease the symptoms of a panic attack. These medications are often used in combination with counseling or other mind based therapies. Depending on the person, medication may be advised only for a short time or for a long period of time. Medication can help to relieve symptoms, which might be necessary in a deeply troubling time, but should not take the place of counseling (psychotherapy), which can address the root of the problems contributing to panic disorder. As with all disease, we should try and treat the root cause of the disease, as medications often only help to treat the symptoms (though, again, at times this can be warranted, welcomed and even necessary.)

Treatments

Effect of Benzodiazepines on Panic Disorder

These drugs produce a sedative effect, relieve physical symptoms, such as muscle tension, and often cause drowsiness and lethargy. The advantage of benzodiazepines is that they are fast-acting and...

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Effect of MAOIs on Panic Disorder

These medications are especially effective for people whose symptoms have not responded to other treatments. Improvement is usually seen in 2-6 weeks after beginning treatment. MAOIs are not...

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Effect of Tricyclics on Panic Disorder

The majority of the TCAs are thought to act primarily as serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) by blocking the serotonin transporter (SERT) and the norepinephrine transporter (NET)...

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Effect of SSRIs on Panic Disorder

Although these drugs are considered to be antidepressants, SSRIs have been used effectively for the treatment of panic and other anxiety disorders. Improvement is usually seen in 4-6 weeks after...

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Effect of Atypical Antidepressants on Panic Disorder

Atypical antidepressants affect the concentration of the neurotransmitter serotonin and can be effective in treating anxiety and therefore also possibly panic disorder. Improvement is usually seen in...

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