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Regional anesthesia is a type of anesthesia. It blocks pain to a part of the body without causing the patient to sleep.
Regional anesthesia is used to make the body numb for surgery:
- It may be used with high-risk surgical patients. It is safer for them than general anesthesia .
- It has been proven beneficial in trauma , operation-related pain, and short and long term medical disease and pain states.
- Epidural anesthesia is often used during childbirth to relieve labor pains.
- It has been shown to help people be mobile sooner after surgery and increases duration of pain relief.
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Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have anesthesia, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Pain and tenderness around the injection site
- Bruising, infection, or bleeding of the injection site
- Decrease in blood pressure
- Nerve damage
- Medicine mistakenly injected into a vein or artery
- Damage to organs
Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
- Current or past health problems
- Taking medicines, supplements, herbal remedies, or blood thinners
- Drinking alcohol
- Using recreational drugs
- History of adverse reactions to anesthesia
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