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Rotavirus is transmitted through stool. It is easily spread by contaminated hands and objects. Symptoms usually begin about two days after exposure and may include:
- Upset stomach
- Vomiting (can last 3-8 days)
- Diarrhea (can last 3-8 days)—the leading cause of diarrhea in infants and children in the US
- Loss of interest in eating and drinking
Treatment involves replacing lost body fluids by drinking fluids. Severe cases may require fluids given through an IV line (a needle is inserted into a vein).
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), almost all children are likely to become infected with rotavirus before age five. Now that the vaccine is routinely given, the number of cases has significantly...