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Septoplasty is a surgery to straighten a deviated septum . The septum is the wall dividing the left and right nasal cavities. It is made of cartilage and bone and is lined with a thin mucus membrane.
A normal septum is relatively straight and in the center of the nose. A deviated septum is bent or significantly off-center. Septal deviation may occur during development in the womb, during birth, as your nose grows, or after a traumatic injury. Septoplasty may be done at the same time as other nasal surgery, like rhinoplasty .
Septoplasty is considered if a deviated septum obstructs your nasal passages. The obstruction can cause impaired nasal breathing, sinus infections , obstructive sleep apnea , recurrent nose bleeds , or a runny nose. A deviated septum may also need to be corrected with septoplasty if it causes chronic headaches.
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Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a septoplasty, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Numbness in the tip of the nose or upper front teeth
- Septal perforation (a hole in the septum)
- No improvement in symptoms
- Poor cosmetic outcome
Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
- Bleeding disorders
- Medical problems, such as cardiac disease
- Cocaine use
- Prior nasal surgery with excessive scarring
- Taking certain medicines
Call Your Doctor
After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills *...