Tubal Ligation—Laparoscopic Surgery
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings
Answers

What is Tubal Ligation—Laparoscopic Surgery?

This is a surgery to close a woman's fallopian tubes. A fallopian tube runs from the ovary (where the eggs develop) to the uterus (womb). Closing this tube makes it so that a woman cannot get pregnant.

Options to Close Tubes
Options to Close Tubes
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Tubal ligation is done if you do not want to become pregnant. If you have this surgery, you will still ovulate and menstruate. The cut or blocked tubes keep the egg and sperm from meeting. When the egg and sperm cannot meet, fertilization does not happen and pregnancy cannot occur.

This surgery is not recommended as a temporary or reversible procedure. Make sure you consider all the birth control options for you and your partner.

Possible Complications

Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have tubal ligation, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Anesthesia-related problems
  • Damage to other organs
  • Pregnancy—If pregnancy occurs, there is an increased risk that the egg will implant outside of the womb.

Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

  • Obesity
  • Previous abdominal surgery

Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the procedure.

Call Your Doctor

After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:

  • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
  • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive...
 
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