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Gestational Diabetes is a condition diagnosed in woman who have high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. Women diagnosed with gestational diabetes need to have shown no signs of diabetes before the pregnancy.
The hormones produced during pregnancy can cause the woman's body to resistance insulin, resulting in impaired glucose tolerance and high glucose levels. Gestational diabetes generally affects affects 3-10% of pregnancies.1
Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes are at increased risk of problems typically such as being large for gestational age (which may lead to delivery complications), low blood sugar, and jaundice. They are also at an increased risk of developing diabetes type 1 and/or later in life.
Women with gestational diabetes are at increased risk of developing diabetes type 1 and/or 2 after pregnancy, as are their offspring. Diet modification and moderate exercise are often enough to help lower blood glucose, but at times anti-diabetic drugs, including insulin, can be taken.
- Moore, T.R. Diabetes Mellitus and Pregnancy. Retrieved on September 23, 2010 from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/127547-treatment
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