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Diabetes Type 2 Treatment: Medicine

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Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease. Simply put, over time, the body does not respond adequately to the insulin present. Additionally, though less true of type 2 diabetes than type 1, the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to accommodate the needs of the body. The need for medication to help the body make insulin, replace missing insulin, or make the body more sensitive to utilizing insulin can become necessary. Some people can control their blood sugars without medication referred to as “diet and exercise controlled”. But many with type 2 diabetes will may need medication at some point.

The goal of treating diabetes is to come as close to normal blood glucose control as possible. Normal being a fasting sugar around 100 mg/dL or a lab test called a Hemoglobin A1c value of less than 6.5%.

Medications to control blood glucose fall into distinct categories. It may often require two or three medications to reach glucose goals as medications work on different parts of the body involved in glucose control.

Treatments

Effect of Secretagogues on Diabetes Type 2

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Medication that helps the pancreas secret more insulin:

Glyburide –Micronase and Glynase

Glipizide- Glucotrol and Glucotrol...


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Effect of Biquanide on Diabetes Type 2

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Medication that helps the liver shut off glucose production:

Metformin- Glucophage

Glucophage...


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Effect of TZD on Diabetes Type 2

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Medication that helps the cells become more sensitive to insulin:

Rosiglitazone - Avandia

Pioglitazone- Actos

There is intense...


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Effect of Insulin on Diabetes Type 2

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Medication that replaces the body’s own insulin:

Lispro, Aspart and Glulisine

Regular

NPH

Glargine and Detemir

70/30, ...


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Effect of Diabetes Combination Medications on Diabetes Type 2

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Some people find taking one pill easier than two, so common combinations of some of the diabetes medications are now available...


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[Edit] [Revisions] [Writers] References

Mensing, C. et al. (2006). The Art and Science of Diabetes Self-Management Education. Chicago: AADE