FoundHealth is created by contributors like you!   edit Edit   comments Comments
wheel

3 people worked on this article:

Paige Reddan sshowalter cmite12
Print
Share
         

Diabetes Type 2 Treatment: Medicine

Overview

Help improve this article. Become a contributor!

Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease. Simply put, over time, the body does not respond adequately to the insulin present. Additionally, though less true of type 2 diabetes than type 1, the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to accommodate the needs of the body. The need for medication to help the body make insulin, replace missing insulin, or make the body more sensitive to utilizing insulin can become necessary. Some people can control their blood sugars without medication referred to as “diet and exercise controlled”. But many with type 2 diabetes will may need medication at some point.

The goal of treating diabetes is to come as close to normal blood glucose control as possible. Normal being a fasting sugar around 100 mg/dL or a lab test called a Hemoglobin A1c value of less than 6.5%.

Medications to control blood glucose fall into distinct categories. It may often require two or three medications to reach glucose goals as medications work on different parts of the body involved in glucose control.

Treatments

Effect of Secretagogues on Diabetes Type 2

Help improve this article. Become a contributor! Medication that helps the pancreas secret more insulin: Glyburide –Micronase and Glynase Glipizide- Glucotrol and Glucotrol XR Glimepiride -...

Read more about Diabetes Type 2 and Secretagogues.

Effect of Biquanide on Diabetes Type 2

Help improve this article. Become a contributor! Medication that helps the liver shut off glucose production: Metformin- Glucophage Glucophage XR Fortamet Glumetza Riomet This...

Read more about Diabetes Type 2 and Biquanide.

Effect of TZD on Diabetes Type 2

Help improve this article. Become a contributor! Medication that helps the cells become more sensitive to insulin: Rosiglitazone - Avandia Pioglitazone- Actos There is intense debate today...

Read more about Diabetes Type 2 and TZD.

Effect of Insulin on Diabetes Type 2

Help improve this article. Become a contributor! Medication that replaces the body’s own insulin: Lispro, Aspart and Glulisine Regular NPH Glargine and Detemir 70/30, 75/25, 50/50 It...

Read more about Diabetes Type 2 and Insulin.

Effect of Diabetes Combination Medications on Diabetes Type 2

Help improve this article. Become a contributor! Some people find taking one pill easier than two, so common combinations of some of the diabetes medications are now available together. Actoplus...

Read more about Diabetes Type 2 and Diabetes Combination Medications.

References

Mensing, C. et al. (2006). The Art and Science of Diabetes Self-Management Education. Chicago: AADE

Preview