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Viral Hepatitis and Lamivudine

Read more about Lamivudine.

[Edit] [Revisions] [Writers] Overview

Lamivudine, also known as Epivir-HBV, is given orally to treat hepatitis B. It is usually taken daily for about one year, and sometimes longer.

[Edit] [Revisions] [Writers] Effect of Lamivudine on Viral Hepatitis

As an antiretroviral agent, Lamivudine works to injure the virus and fight the infection.

[Edit] [Revisions] [Writers] How to Use Lamivudine

• To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses.

• Use prescription as directed, even if feeling better.

• In HIV treatment, this medicine is usually taken with two other medicines.

• Take this medicine with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.

• A liquid (solution) is available if you cannot swallow pills.

• Those who have feeding tubes can also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after medicine is given.

[Edit] [Revisions] [Writers] Side Effects and Warnings

#What are the precautions when taking this medicine?

All forms:

• Do not run out of this medicine.

• If you have kidney disease, talk with healthcare provider.

• If you are being treated for both hepatitis B and AIDS, talk with healthcare provider.

• Check medicines with healthcare provider. This medicine may not mix well with other medicines.

HIV infection:

• If medicine changes for HIV infection, make sure to ask healthcare provider about hepatitis B treatment.

• To protect against sexually-transmitted diseases, use a latex condom.

• Use birth control that you can trust to prevent pregnancy in HIV disease.

• Breast-feeding is not recommended in HIV disease in the U.S.

Hepatitis B infection:

• To protect against sexually-transmitted diseases, use a latex condom.

• Tell healthcare provider if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.

• Tell healthcare provider if you are breast-feeding.

#What are some possible side effects of this medicine?

• Headache.

• Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

• Diarrhea.

• Irritated pancreas can rarely occur.

#Reasons to call healthcare provider immediately

• If you suspect an overdose, call your local poison control center or emergency department immediately.

• Signs of a life-threatening reaction. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; fits; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.

• Severe belly pain.

• Severe nausea or vomiting.

• Severe diarrhea.

• Any rash.

• No improvement in condition or feeling worse.