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What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

What is Cystoscopy?

Cystoscopy is an exam of the bladder. It is done with a special lighted scope, called a cystoscope. The scope allows the doctor to look through the urethra and into the bladder.

Cystoscopy of the Bladder
Cystoscopy of the Bladder
© 2009 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Cystoscopy may be done to investigate the following symptoms:

  • Repeated urinary tract infections
  • Blood in the urine
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Frequent urination
  • Dribbling after urination
  • Pain
  • Difficulty urinating

Some abnormalities can be diagnosed through cystoscopy, including:

  • Tumors
  • Bladder stones
  • Inflammation
  • Cysts
  • Outpouchings of the bladder wall ( diverticula )
  • Open sores ( ulcers )
  • Polyps
  • Narrowing of the urethra
  • Enlargement of the prostate gland (in men)

Possible Complications

Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have cystoscopy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Accidental damage of the bladder wall with the cystoscope (very rare)

Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

  • Active infection
  • Diabetes
  • Bleeding disorder

Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the procedure.

Call Your Doctor

After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:

  • Frequency, urgency, burning, or pain when urinating
  • You are unable to urinate or empty your bladder completely
  • Blood in your urine after 24 hours
  • Signs of infection, including...