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Fracture Reduction—Closed
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

Fracture Reduction—Closed Overview

Written by FoundHealth.


This procedure is done to return a broken bone to its proper alignment. A closed fracture reduction involves setting the bone without cutting into the skin.

Broken Bones in the Arm
Broken Bones in the Arm
© 2009 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

What to Expect

Prior to Procedure

Your doctor will likely do the following:

  • Physical exam
  • X-ray —a test that uses radiation to take a picture of structures inside the body, especially bones
  • Provide a splint for the broken bone to decrease the risk of additional injury

Leading up to the procedure:

  • You may be given antibiotics if you have an open fracture.
  • Arrange for a ride to and from the procedure. Also, arrange for help at home.
  • Eat a light meal the night before. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.


Your doctor will usually give you local anesthesia to numb the area; it is given as an injection. You may also be given a sedative.

In some cases, general anesthesia will be used. You will be asleep during the procedure if this is the case.

Description of the Procedure

The bone fragments will be manipulated into their normal position. The doctor will apply traction and use a cast or splint to hold the bones in place. No incisions are needed.

Immediately After Procedure

The doctor will order another x-ray to ensure the bone is in the correct position.

How Long Will It Take?

This depends on the type and location of the fracture.

How Much Will It Hurt?

You will have some pain after the procedure. Ask your doctor about medicine to help with the pain.

Average Hospital Stay

You will usually be able to go home after the procedure.

Post-procedure Care

At Home

When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:

  • Rest your injured arm or leg on pillows. Elevate it above the level of your heart.
  • Gently move uninjured joints and toes.
  • Keep the cast, splint, and dressing clean and dry.
  • Wait until a "walking cast" is dry before walking on it.
  • Do not pull out the cast's padding. Do not break off any part of the cast.
  • Keep objects, dirt, and powder out of the cast.
  • Do not try to scratch under the cast.
  • Do not drive until told it is safe.
  • Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions.

Small bones usually heal in 3-6 weeks. Long bones will take more time. Your doctor may have you work with a physical therapist. He can help you to regain normal function. In some cases, you may be able to return to daily activities within a few days while wearing the cast or splint.



American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

American Orthopedic Society


Canadian Orthopaedic Association

Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation


American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: . Accessed September 2, 2009.

Setting a broken bone without surgery (closed reduction). University of Michigan Health System website. Available at: . Updated January 2008. Accessed September 2, 2009.

¹10/30/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Gosselin RA, Roberts I, Gillespie WJ. Antibiotics for preventing infection in open limb fractures. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(4):CD003764.



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