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Intraventricular Hemorrhage of Infancy
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

What is Intraventricular Hemorrhage of Infancy?

Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) occurs when small blood vessels burst and bleed into the ventricles of a baby’s brain. The ventricles are spaces in the brain. These spaces are full of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). In most cases, the bleeding gradually stops. The blood vessels heal themselves. Surgery may not be needed. If brain tissue is damaged, the baby may have long-term problems with development. IVH is most common in premature babies.

Ventricles of the Brain
Ventricles of the Brain
© 2009 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

It is often not clear why IVH occurs. Changes in blood pressure in the baby’s brain may cause immature blood vessels to rupture (burst). This may occur during the first 48 hours after birth.