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What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

What is Oophorectomy?

Oophorectomy is the removal of one or both ovaries. This may be combined with removing the fallopian tubes (salpingo-oophorectomy). Removal of the ovaries and/or fallopian tubes are often done as part of a complete or total hysterectomy .

The Female Reproductive System
The Female Reproductive System
© 2009 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

An oophorectomy may be done to:

  • Treat cancer
  • Remove a large ovarian cyst
  • Treat chronic pelvic pain
  • Treat pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Possible Complications

Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have an oophorectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

  • Changes in sex drive
  • Hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause (if both ovaries are removed)
  • Depression and other forms of psychological distress
  • Reaction to anesthesia
  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots, particularly in the veins of the legs
  • Damage to other organs
  • Infection

Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

  • Previous pelvic surgery or serious infection
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes

Be sure to discuss the risks with your doctor before the surgery.

Call Your Doctor

After you leave the hospital, contact your...