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Repair of Vesico-Vaginal Fistula
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

What is Repair of Vesico-Vaginal Fistula?

This procedure involves repairing an abnormal connection between the urinary tract (usually the bladder) and the vagina. A fistula is the word used to describe a connection between two organ structures. The repair can range from simple to complex.

The Urinary Tract
The Urinary Tract
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A vesico-vaginal fistula repair is done in women with a fistula, which may be caused by:

  • Previous operation
  • Tumor
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Impaired blood flow due to radiation or long labor

Possible Complications

Complications are rare. But, no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have vesico-vaginal fistula repair, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

  • Urinary tract infection or other infections
  • Irritation or inflammation of the vulva (the opening of the vagina)
  • Injury to bladder, vagina, or urethra (the tube that carries urine outside of the body from the bladder)
  • Bleeding
  • Adverse reaction to anesthesia (eg, low blood pressure, wheezing)

Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Taking blood-thinning medicines
  • Fistula that is large or complex
  • Already having an infection or chronic inflammation

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