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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a series of steps to help a person who is not responding and has stopped breathing. CPR helps deliver oxygen rich blood to the body tissue when the body is not able to do this on its own.
Lay CPR is given to an unresponsive victim who is not breathing and and is not responsive. Reasons for this may include:
- Sudden cardiac arrest
- Cerebrovascular accident (eg, stroke )
- Electrical shocks and lightning strikes
- Severe infection
- Severe allergic reaction
- Drug overdose
- Excessive bleeding
The outcome will depend on the initial cause and how soon effective CPR was initiated. Many victims are unable to regain a normal heartbeat after it has stopped.
The goal of the CPR is to provide blood flow to a victim’s heart, brain, and other vital organs until proper medical care can be given. The victim is likely to die if CPR is not started immediately. Complications may include fracture of the ribs , broken teeth, infections, and puncture of the lung.
People with weakened bones have a higher risk of bone fractures from CPR. However, there is far greater risk of death if CPR is delayed or not done correctly.