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Clomiphene Citrate
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

What is Clomiphene Citrate?

Trade Name: Clomid

Clomiphene Citrate is considered a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) and is mainly used to stimulate a woman's ovulation. For women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), clomiphene citrate stimulates ovarian production hopefully resulting in an oocyte (egg).

Side Effects

Hot flashes and premenstrual-type symptoms such as migraine headaches and breast discomfort may occur with clomiphene use. Notify your doctor if you experience:

  • visual symptoms such as spots, flashes, blurred vision
  • nausea and vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • abnormal uterine bleeding
  • ovarian enlargement which may present as abdominal or pelvic pain, tenderness, pressure, or swelling;

Patients taking Clomiphene may suffer from a serious condition known as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Its symptoms include swelling of the hands or legs, abdominal pain and swelling, shortness of breath, weight gain, and nausea or vomiting. If you develop any of these side effects, you should inform your doctor immediately or seek emergency medical...