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Colorectal Resection
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

What is Colorectal Resection?

A colorectal resection is a surgery to remove a section of the large intestine. It is done to remove injured or diseased parts of the colon.

This surgery is performed to treat a variety of conditions, including the following:

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Diverticular disease —small pouches form in the wall of the colon
  • Inflammatory intestinal diseases (eg, colitis , Crohn’s disease )
  • Intestinal blockage
  • Trauma to the intestine
  • Precancerous polyps, especially those seen in familial polyposis
  • A hole in the bowel wall or dead piece of bowel
  • Bleeding from the colon

For colon cancer, the goal is to remove all of the cancer. If you have a precancerous condition, then you may have prevented the development of cancer. If you had surgery due to other conditions, a successful operation will alleviate or improve your symptoms.

Possible Complications

If you are planning to have a resection, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

  • Damage to other organs or structures
  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Hernia forming at the incision site
  • Blood clots
  • Complications from general anesthesia
  • Intestinal obstruction due to development of scar tissue

Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

  • Having neurological, heart, or lung conditions
  • Age: older than 70 years
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Previous abdominal surgery or radiation therapy
  • Infection
  • Diabetes

Call Your Doctor

If any of the following occur, call your doctor:

  • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, warmth, drainage,...