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What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

What is Vasectomy?

A vasectomy is a surgery that makes a man unable to make a woman pregnant. This is done by blocking the tubes through which sperm normally pass on their way from the testes to the penis. These tubes are called the vas deferens.

Male Reproductive Anatomy
Male Reproductive Anatomy
© 2009 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

A vasectomy is done as permanent birth control. This option is for men who are sure they will not want to father a child in the future. Surgery to reverse the procedure is not always successful.

Possible Complications

If you are planning to have a vasectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications which may include:

  • Infection
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Bleeding
  • Chronic pain in and around the testes
  • Sperm granuloma (lumps due to immune system response to sperm leaking from the reproductive organs)
  • Ability to still make a woman pregnant

Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

  • Local infections
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Prior surgery in that area

Call Your Doctor

After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:

  • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
  • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision site
  • Difficulty...