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Amyl Nitrite
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

Amyl Nitrite Overview

Written by FoundHealth.

(AM il NYE trite)

Pharmacologic Category

Antidote; Vasodilator

What key warnings should I know about before taking this medicine?

• This medicine does not mix well with some medicines. Serious reactions may occur. Check all medicines with healthcare provider.

Reasons not to take this medicine

• If you have an allergy to amyl nitrite or any other part of this medicine.

• Tell healthcare provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Make sure to tell about the allergy and how it affected you. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other symptoms involved.

• If you have any of the following conditions: Anemia, bleeding in the brain, glaucoma, head trauma or low blood pressure.

• If you are pregnant or may be pregnant.

How does it work?

• Amyl nitrite relaxes blood vessels.

• It removes cyanide from the body.

How is it best taken?

• Do not take this medicine by mouth. For the nose only. Keep out of mouth and eyes (may burn).

• Sit or lie down before use.

• Crush vial between fingers. Do not remove covering.

• Hold under nose for 15-30 seconds to inhale vapor.

• May repeat in 3-5 minutes if chest pain or pressure is still present.

• Wait 5 minutes. If chest pain or pressure is still present, call the emergency department or arrange for a ride to the hospital. Do not drive yourself.

What do I do if I miss a dose? (does not apply to patients in the hospital)

• This medicine is used on an as needed basis.

What should I monitor?

• Change in condition being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?

• Check blood pressure and heart rate regularly. Talk with healthcare provider.

• Follow up with healthcare provider.

How should I store this medicine?

• Store at room temperature.

• Protect from light.

• Protect from heat.

General statements

• If you have a life-threatening allergy, wear allergy identification at all times.

• Do not share your medicine with others and do not take anyone else's medicine.

• Keep all medicine out of the reach of children and pets.

• Most medicines can be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.

• Keep a list of all your medicines (prescription, natural products, supplements, vitamins, over-the-counter) with you. Give this list to healthcare provider (doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, physician assistant).

• Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or in Canada to Health Canada's Canada Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.

• Talk with healthcare provider before starting any new medicine, including over-the-counter, natural products, or vitamins.

Created: 2006-10-13 10:41:28.0

Modified: 2010-08-05 08:23:09.0

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