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What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

Ciprofloxacin Overview

Written by FoundHealth.

(sip roe FLOKS a sin)

U.S. Brand Names

Cetraxal®; Ciloxan®; Cipro®; Cipro® I.V.; Cipro® XR; Proquin® XR

Canadian Brand Names

Apo-Ciproflox®; Ciloxan®; Cipro®; Cipro® XL; CO Ciprofloxacin; Dom-Ciprofloxacin; Mint-Ciprofloxacin; Mylan-Ciprofloxacin; Novo-Ciprofloxacin; PHL-Ciprofloxacin; PMS-Ciprofloxacin; PRO-Ciprofloxacin; RAN™-Ciprofloxacin; ratio-Ciprofloxacin; Riva-Ciprofloxacin; Sandoz-Ciprofloxacin; Taro-Ciprofloxacin

Mexican Brand Names

Ciloxan; Cimogal; Ciprobac; Ciproflox; Ciproxina; Eni; Floxager; Floxantina; Kenzoflex; Mitroken; Sophixin Ofteno; Zipra

Pharmacologic Category

Antibiotic, Ophthalmic; Antibiotic, Otic; Antibiotic, Quinolone

What key warnings should I know about before taking this medicine?

• This medicine may increase the risk of tendons getting irritated and tearing. The risk is greater in people over the age of 60, heart, kidney or lung transplant patients, or people taking steroid medications. Call healthcare provider right away if you develop pain in the back of the ankle or joint pain or swelling.

• This medicine does not mix well with some medicines. Serious reactions may occur. Check all medicines with healthcare provider.

• Please read the medication guide.

Reasons not to take this medicine

• If you have an allergy to ciprofloxacin or any other part of this medicine.

• If you have had tendons get irritated or torn when taking this medicine or a similar medicine in the past.

• Tell healthcare provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Make sure to tell about the allergy and how it affected you. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other symptoms involved.

How does it work?

• Ciprofloxacin works to injure the bacteria and fight the infection.

How is it best taken?

All forms:

• To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses.

• Use prescription as directed, even if feeling better.

• Take this medicine at a similar time of day.

Long-acting products:

• Swallow whole. Do not chew, break, or crush.

• May take with meals containing dairy products. Do not take with only dairy products.

• Proquin®XR: Take with main meal, dinner preferred.


• Take this medicine with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.

• May take with meals containing dairy products. Do not take with only dairy products.

• A liquid (suspension) is available if you cannot swallow pills. Shake well before use.

• Those who have feeding tubes can crush the tablet and mix with water. Flush feeding tube before and after medicine is given. Stop tube feeding for at least 1 hour before and 2 hours after the dose.

• Do not put liquid suspension down a feeding tube.

• Drink plenty of noncaffeine-containing liquid unless told to drink less liquid by healthcare provider.


• For the ear only.

• Wash hands before and after use.

• Warm solution in hands 1-2 minutes before instilling in ear.

• Lie on side with affected ear up.

• Pull the outer ear outward and upward.

• Instill drops in ear without touching dropper to ear. Stay on side for 1 minute.


• For the eye only.

• Wash hands before and after use.

• Take out contact lenses before using medicine. Lenses can be replaced 15 minutes after medicine is given. Do not put contacts back in if eyes are irritated or infected.

• Do not touch the container tip to the eye, lid, or other skin.

Eye solution:

• Tilt head back and drop medicine into eye.

• After using medicine, keep your eyes closed. Apply pressure to the inside corner of the eye. Do this for 3-5 minutes. This keeps the medicine in your eye.

• Separate each eye medicine by 5 minutes.

Eye ointment:

• Gently pull down the lower lid and squeeze in the prescribed amount.

• Release the lower eyelid and keep eyes closed for 1-2 minutes.

• Separate each eye medicine by 10 minutes.

Injection (I.V.):

• This medicine is given as a shot into a vein over a period of time.

What do I do if I miss a dose? (does not apply to patients in the hospital)

• Take a missed dose as soon as possible.

• If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your regular schedule.

• Do not take a double dose or extra doses.

• Do not change dose or stop medicine. Talk with healthcare provider.

What should I monitor?

• Change in condition being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?

• If you are taking a blood thinner, check blood work (prothrombin time/INR). Talk with healthcare provider.

• If you are taking theophylline, check blood work (theophylline levels) regularly. Talk with healthcare provider.

How should I store this medicine?


• Store tablets at room temperature.

• Protect tablets from moisture. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.

• Store liquid (suspension) at room temperature or in a refrigerator. Do not freeze. Throw away any unused portion after 2 weeks.


• Store eye solution at room temperature. Do not freeze.

• Protect eye solution from light.

• Store eye ointment at room temperature.


• Store as directed by healthcare provider.


• Store ear solution at room temperature.

• Protect from light.

• Store unused containers in foil pouch until use.

General statements

• If you have a life-threatening allergy, wear allergy identification at all times.

• Do not share your medicine with others and do not take anyone else's medicine.

• Keep all medicine out of the reach of children and pets.

• Most medicines can be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.

• Keep a list of all your medicines (prescription, natural products, supplements, vitamins, over-the-counter) with you. Give this list to healthcare provider (doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, physician assistant).

• Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or in Canada to Health Canada's Canada Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.

• Talk with healthcare provider before starting any new medicine, including over-the-counter, natural products, or vitamins.

Created: 2006-10-13 11:29:38.0

Modified: 2010-03-23 11:21:09.0

Lexi-PALS TM © (1977)-(2007) Lexi-Comp, Inc. All rights reserved.



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