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What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

Enoxaparin Overview

Written by FoundHealth.

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U.S. Brand Names


Canadian Brand Names

Enoxaparin Injection; Lovenox®; Lovenox® HP

Mexican Brand Names


Pharmacologic Category

Low Molecular Weight Heparin

What key warnings should I know about before taking this medicine?

• People who have had recent spinal anesthesia, epidurals, or spinal taps are more likely to have bleeding problems when started on this medicine. This bleeding rarely happens, but can be severe. Tell healthcare provider if you have had any spinal procedures. Do not take any other blood-thinner medicines including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents.

• Tell healthcare provider you use this medicine before you receive spinal anesthesia or a spinal procedure.

• This medicine is not recommended in pregnant women with heart valve replacements.

Reasons not to take this medicine

• If you have an allergy to enoxaparin or any other part of this medicine.

• If you are allergic to pork products, talk with healthcare provider.

• Tell healthcare provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Make sure to tell about the allergy and how it affected you. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other symptoms involved.

• If you have any of the following conditions: Bleeding problems or low platelet count during previous use.

• If you know that you will not take the medicine as directed.

• If you are pregnant and have a heart valve replacement.

How does it work?

• Enoxaparin changes the body's clotting system. It thins the blood to prevent clots from forming.

How is it best taken?

• Use prescription as directed, even if feeling better.

• To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses.

• This medicine is given as a shot into the fatty part of the skin on the right or left side of the stomach.

• Your healthcare provider may teach you how to give the shot.

• Wash hands before and after use.

• Move site where you give the shot with each shot.

• If using prefilled syringe, do not get rid of air bubble from syringe before giving.

• Throw away needles in needle/sharp disposal box and return box to healthcare provider when full.

What do I do if I miss a dose? (does not apply to patients in the hospital)

• Take a missed dose as soon as possible.

• If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your regular schedule.

• Do not take a double dose or extra doses.

• Do not change dose or stop medicine. Talk with healthcare provider.

What should I monitor?

• Change in condition being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?

• Signs or symptoms of bleeding.

• Follow up with healthcare provider.

How should I store this medicine?

• Store at room temperature.

General statements

• If you have a life-threatening allergy, wear allergy identification at all times.

• Do not share your medicine with others and do not take anyone else's medicine.

• Keep all medicine out of the reach of children and pets.

• Most medicines can be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.

• Keep a list of all your medicines (prescription, natural products, supplements, vitamins, over-the-counter) with you. Give this list to healthcare provider (doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, physician assistant).

• Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or in Canada to Health Canada's Canada Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.

• Talk with healthcare provider before starting any new medicine, including over-the-counter, natural products, or vitamins.

Created: 2006-10-13 12:16:13.0

Modified: 2010-05-10 09:38:10.0

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