Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has a biological component - abnormal amounts of certain brain chemicals may play a role in its development. Therefore, for some people the condition responds to medication.
Anxiolytics (anti-anxiety medications) and antidepressants help ease the symptoms of anxiety by altering these brain chemicals. They are often used in combination with counseling, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Depending on your situation, medication may be advised for the short-term or for a lengthy period of time. In general, people who are treated for a longer period of time usually have a lower relapse rate. Medication will likely be recommended if anxiety impairs your ability to function.
To view other non-medicine based treatments for anxiety, go to the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Treatment page.Treatments include:
Effect of Azaspirones on Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Buspirone is a relatively new anxiolytic drug that is believed to enhance the activity of serotonin, a neurotransmitter involved in regulating anxiety and mood. It takes within two weeks to take...
Read more about Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Azaspirones.
Effect of Benzodiazepines on Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Common names include:
- Lorazepam (Ativan)
- Prazepam (Centrax)
- Flurazepam (Dalmane)
- Clonazepam (Klonopin)
- Triazolam (Halcion) *...
Read more about Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Benzodiazepines.
Effect of SSRIs on Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) affect the concentration of the neurotransmitter serotonin, which plays a role in anxiety. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter with calming effects, and...
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Effect of Tricyclics on Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Tricyclic antidepressants are thought to regulate serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. Thus, they have been used effectively for the treatment of depression. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter with...
Read more about Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Tricyclics.
Effect of Atypical Antidepressants on Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Some atypical antidepressants have been used effectively for the treatment of anxiety disorders.
Four to six weeks after beginning treatment is when improvement might be seen.
Read more about Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Atypical Antidepressants.
Antidepressant use in children, adolescents, and adults. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov... . Published May 22, 2009. Accessed July 15, 2009.
Anxiety and panic: gaining control over how you're feeling. Family Doctor.org website. Available at: http://familydocto... . Updated September 2006. Accessed October 29, 2008.
Fricchione G. Generalized anxiety disorder. N Engl J Med . 2004;351:675-682.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Anxiety Disorders Association of America website. Available at: http://www.adaa.org/GettingHelp/AnxietyDisorders/GAD.asp . Accessed October 29, 2008.
Merck website. Available at: http://www.merck.com/ . Accessed October 29, 2008.
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