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Levodopa and Carbidopa
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

Levodopa and Carbidopa Overview

Written by FoundHealth.

(kar bi DOE pa & lee voe DOE pa)

U.S. Brand Names

Parcopa®; Sinemet®; Sinemet® CR

Canadian Brand Names

Apo-Levocarb®; Apo-Levocarb® CR; Endo®-Levodopa/Carbidopa; Novo-Levocarbidopa; Nu-Levocarb; PRO-Levocarb; Sinemet®; Sinemet® CR

Mexican Brand Names

Racovel; Sinemet

Pharmacologic Category

Anti-Parkinson's Agent, Dopamine Agonist

Reasons not to take this medicine

• If you have an allergy to levodopa, carbidopa, or any other part of this medicine.

• Tell healthcare provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Make sure to tell about the allergy and how it affected you. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other symptoms involved.

• If you have any of the following conditions: Glaucoma, melanoma, or unexplained skin spots.

• If you have taken isocarboxazid, phenelzine, or tranylcypromine in the last 14 days. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (eg, isocarboxazid, phenelzine, and tranylcypromine) must be stopped 14 days before this medicine is started. Taking the two together could cause dangerously high blood pressure.

How does it work?

• Levodopa and carbidopa improves the chemical balance in the brain.

How is it best taken?

• Take this medicine with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.

• Avoid high protein diets.

Oral-disintegrating tablet:Place on tongue and let dissolve. Do not swallow whole.

• Long-acting products: Swallow whole or as a half. Do not chew or crush.

What do I do if I miss a dose? (does not apply to patients in the hospital)

• Take a missed dose as soon as possible.

• If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your regular schedule.

• Do not take long-acting products more often than every 6 hours, unless instructed by healthcare provider.

• Do not take a double dose or extra doses.

• Do not change dose or stop medicine. Talk with healthcare provider.

What should I monitor?

• Change in condition being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?

• Check blood pressure and heart rate regularly. Talk with healthcare provider.

• Follow up with healthcare provider.

How should I store this medicine?

• Store at room temperature.

• Protect from light.

• Protect from moisture. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.

General statements

• If you have a life-threatening allergy, wear allergy identification at all times.

• Do not share your medicine with others and do not take anyone else's medicine.

• Keep all medicine out of the reach of children and pets.

• Most medicines can be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.

• Keep a list of all your medicines (prescription, natural products, supplements, vitamins, over-the-counter) with you. Give this list to healthcare provider (doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, physician assistant).

• Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or in Canada to Health Canada's Canada Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.

• Talk with healthcare provider before starting any new medicine, including over-the-counter, natural products, or vitamins.

Created: 2006-10-13 13:33:24.0

Modified: 2010-03-25 11:55:10.0

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