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Reasons for Procedure
This is done to examine the lungs and chest. The doctor might take tissue samples ( biopsy ). These samples are viewed under a microscope to check for diseases like:
- Cancer of the lungs , bronchi, and chest tissue
- Lymphoma—cancer in the lymphatic system (eg, Hodgkin’s disease )
- Sarcoidosis —a condition that causes swelling (inflammation) in organs like the lungs, liver, lymph nodes, and spleen
Mediastinoscopy is also done to find out if lung cancer has spread.