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What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

Metformin Overview

Written by FoundHealth, ritasharma.

(met FOR min)

U.S. Brand Names

Fortamet®; Glucophage®; Glucophage® XR; Glumetza™; Riomet®

Canadian Brand Names

Apo-Metformin®; CO Metformin; Dom-Metformin; Glucophage®; Glumetza™; Glycon; Med-Metformin; Mylan-Metformin; Novo-Metformin; Nu-Metformin; PHL-Metformin; PMS-Metformin; PRO-Metformin; RAN™-Metformin; ratio-Metformin; Riva-Metformin; Sandoz-Metformin FC; ZYM-Metformin

Mexican Brand Names

Dabex; Dimefor; Glucophage

Pharmacologic Category

Antidiabetic Agent, Biguanide

What key warnings should I know about before taking this medicine?

• A small number of people may develop an acidity to their blood. Metformin can cause this. It may occur in people whose liver or kidneys do not work normally.

Reasons not to take this medicine

• Do not give this medicine to a child younger than 10 years of age.

• Do not give the extended release form to a child younger than 17 years of age.

• If you have an allergy to metformin or any other part of this medicine.

• Tell healthcare provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Make sure to tell about the allergy and how it affected you. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other symptoms involved.

• If you have any of the following conditions: Acidic blood condition, dehydration, drink alcohol to excess, kidney disease, or liver disease.

• If you are having an x-ray with dye.

How does it work?

• Metformin reduces sugar production and helps insulin work better.

How is it best taken?

• This medicine can be used alone or in combination with other diabetes medicine.

• Take this medicine with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.

• Take long-acting products at dinner.

• Long-acting products: Swallow whole. Do not chew, break, or crush.

• Fortamet®: Take this medicine with a full glass of water.

• Follow diet plan and exercise program as recommended by healthcare provider.

What do I do if I miss a dose? (does not apply to patients in the hospital)

• Take a missed dose as soon as possible.

• If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your regular schedule.

• Do not take a double dose or extra doses.

• Do not change dose or stop medicine. Talk with healthcare provider.

What should I monitor?

• Change in condition being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?

• Check blood sugar as directed by healthcare provider.

• Check blood work (kidney and liver function). Talk with healthcare provider.

• Check weight weekly. Report a weight loss to healthcare provider.

• Have a yearly eye exam and visit to the foot doctor.

How should I store this medicine?

• Store at room temperature.

• Protect from moisture. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.

General statements

• If you have a life-threatening allergy, wear allergy identification at all times.

• Do not share your medicine with others and do not take anyone else's medicine.

• Keep all medicine out of the reach of children and pets.

• Most medicines can be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.

• Keep a list of all your medicines (prescription, natural products, supplements, vitamins, over-the-counter) with you. Give this list to healthcare provider (doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, physician assistant).

• Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or in Canada to Health Canada's Canada Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.

• Talk with healthcare provider before starting any new medicine, including over-the-counter, natural products, or vitamins.

Created: 2005-04-07 16:58:12.0

Modified: 2010-03-09 08:22:11.0

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