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Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae. It can lead to:
- Bacteremia (infection of the blood)
- Middle ear infection
- Bacterial meningitis
Streptococcus pneumoniaeis spread through contact with a person who has the disease or who carries the bacteria in his throat. This most often occurs through droplets from the nose or mouth of someone with the infection.
This infection is most common in:
- Infants and young children
- Children in daycare
It also occurs often in people with certain illnesses, such as:
- Sickle cell disease
- HIV infection
- Chronic heart or lung conditions
These people are at higher risk of getting the disease. Also, Alaskan Natives, Native Americans, and African Americans...