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Pneumococcal Vaccine
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

What is Pneumococcal Vaccine?

Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae. It can lead to:

  • Pneumonia
  • Bacteremia (infection of the blood)
  • Middle ear infection
  • Bacterial meningitis

Streptococcus pneumoniaeis spread through contact with a person who has the disease or who carries the bacteria in his throat. This most often occurs through droplets from the nose or mouth of someone with the infection.

This infection is most common in:

  • Infants and young children
  • Children in daycare

It also occurs often in people with certain illnesses, such as:

  • Sickle cell disease
  • HIV infection
  • Chronic heart or lung conditions

These people are at higher risk of getting the disease. Also, Alaskan Natives, Native Americans, and African Americans...